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For the pregnant population, the diet structure must be adjusted accordingly. So how exactly should a woman eat after pregnancy is standardized?
01 early pregnancy
Fetal growth and development are retarded during this period, and the physiology of pregnant women has undergone a series of adjustments. Most pregnant women at this time often due to changes in the endometrium, the placenta secretion of hormones, resulting in decreased gastrointestinal smooth muscle tone, decreased vitality, so that the food retained in the stomach increased time, often nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite and other symptoms, affecting the meal. Therefore, in this stage of the mother-to-be do not need to deliberately let themselves eat more things, for often feel greasy, loss of appetite pregnant mothers to come, really do not have to make things difficult for themselves, rather than looking at the big fish and meat fatigue, as well as a little bit to eat some of their favorite foods.
Eat small meals, eat more easily digestible light food, avoid too greasy and stimulating food. Try to pick your favorite food within the appropriate range. Dietary items need to ensure a high quality protein supply, inorganic salts and vitamins need to be sufficient in quantity.
Early pregnancy should also emphasize the intake of folic acid, which is related to the development of the fetal nervous system. Many natural foods are rich in folic acid, you can choose green vegetables for supplementation such as spinach, lettuce, asparagus, cabbage, cauliflower, etc., or animal livers and kidneys, beans, fruits (bananas, strawberries, oranges, etc.), and dairy products are rich in folic acid.
At this time the early pregnancy reaction has been terminated, fetal growth issue accelerated, nutritional varieties should pay attention to both meat and vegetables, coarse and fine with the food varieties should be diversified. Avoid picky eating and partiality, in order to prevent minerals and trace elements insufficient. Should fully guarantee the intake of calcium, phosphorus, iron, protein, vitamins and so on.
Grain and cereals should be consumed in sufficient quantity (400-450 grams a day). In addition to rice and flour, you can also eat some mixed grains, such as millet, corn, oatmeal, B vitamins and some amino acids are usually higher in mixed grains than in rice.
Poultry meat, fish and other animal foods and soy products as a source of protein in the diet can be appropriate to increase the intake of 1-2 times a week of animal offal, kelp or seaweed, etc. to supplement the vitamins and some micronutrients. But don’t eat too much fried and greasy food to prevent yourself from gaining weight too quickly.
Green leafy vegetables are rich in carotene, B vitamins and VC, eat a certain amount of food every day, fruit is also necessary, but do not “replace vegetables with fruit. Eating dairy and soy products every day is very good for protein and especially calcium.
Storing up nutrition is especially important for mothers-to-be during the final stretch. Safe, healthy and sensible eating is a necessary prerequisite for the successful birth of the fetus. However, in order to avoid the fetus growing too large, some pregnant women who have gained too much weight should control their diet.
Increase the intake of calories, proteins and essential fatty acids, and limit the intake of carbohydrates and fats. Eat less of certain energy-containing foods such as sugar, honey and other sweets to prevent loss of appetite which may affect the intake of other nutrients.
Increase calcium and iron intake. Calcium supplementation can be preferred to dairy, fish and soy products; iron supplementation can choose shrimp, animal liver and animal blood, which can be eaten often. Control salt and water intake to avoid swelling.
Diets should be varied, safe and hygienic. In summary, through the reasonable nutritional diet to ensure that the normal nutritional needs of pregnant women between the mother and the fetus, for the healthy growth and development of the fetus is essential, pregnant women should pay great attention to the process of pregnancy.
Finally, after pregnancy, pregnant women must pay attention to the diet, for the nutritional elements needed at various stages of pregnancy to properly match the diet, only in this way can we achieve the purpose of maintaining the health of the fetus and their own.